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Narural Resource Governance and Integrating the Fulani in Ghana

The presence of the Fulani in Ghana dates back to the beginning of the 20th century when they migrated to the country due to better pasturing opportunities for their cattle as compared to their drier Sahelian homelands. They initially settled in the northern regions of Ghana but are no found in all regions of the country having penetrated deep into the coastal savannah during the 1930s and 40s and in the forest region during the middle of the 20th century (Tonah,2005). Many second and third generation Fulanis were born and bred in Ghana and consider themselves as Ghanaian Fulani. Many of them speak the dominant dialects of their communities and have spouses who were born in Ghana or are indigenes. They have an unalloyed loyalty to Ghana with no or limited engagements with their original countries of origin. In spite of their existence in Ghana for close to a century, the history of the social integration of the Fulani into the educational, local governance, traditional governance, economic and social systems of Ghana remain a chequered one. On one hand are genuine attempts at integrating the Fulani. A case in point being the Wungu Chiefdom in the West Mamprusi Municipality of Ghana, where they have been accorded some modicum of recognition and inclusion in the traditional leadership system. There is also the case of the economic empowerment model of Heifer International, an international NGO in Ghana, which mainstreams the Fulani population in the selection criteria for their livestock improvement programmes. Download pdf

Transitioning Into A Middle- Income Country: Implications For Development Finance

[color=black][size=3]This paper discusses the changes that have occurred to the structure, composition and cost[/size][/color] [color=black][size=3]of development finance since Ghana was classified as a Lower Middle Income Country (LMIC). It assesses whether the nature of resource flows after LMIC status makes Ghana a typical case [/size][size=3]of the “Missing Middle of Development finance” whereby following transition into MIC status, [/size][size=3]changes in tax revenues and net private flows are insufficient to compensate for the decline in Official Development Assistance (ODA). Moreover, the shift in the type of development finance from concessional to non-concessional sources also affects the sectoral composition of public expenditure with the social sector being the net-loser. If not corrected, in one form or the other, long-term growth and economic and social development (in the context of the SDGs) will be impaired and the MIC status may not be sustained. It also reviews whether the Government and Ghana[/size][size=3]’[/size][size=3]s Development Partners anticipated and put a transition plan in place to mitigate the impacts of anticipated shifts in the financing landscape.[/size][/color] Download pdf

Vulnerability and Exposure to Illicit Financial Flows risk in Africa

It is well established that illicit financial flows affect the economies, societies, public finances and governance of African countries - as they do all other countries. Following the ground-breaking work of the African Union and UN Economic Commission for Africa High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows out of Africa (2015), a consortium of stakeholders in Africa is working together to stem illicit financial flows and follow-up recommendations of the report. The consortium’s technical working group comprises the African Union Commission, the UN Economic Commission for Africa, the African Development Bank, the African Tax Administration Forum, Tax Justice Network Africa, and the African Capacity Building Foundation. A global target to reduce the volume of illicit flows was adopted in the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The UN process has struggled to reach consensus on indicators for the agreed target 16.4, since high-quality estimates of these deliberately hidden phenomena are inherently difficult to construct. And at the national level, even high-quality estimates of the total dollar value lost do not necessarily provide a full basis for policy decisions. Download pdf

Policy Framework For Natural Resource Governance.

[size=3]In the preceding chapter, we noted the following claims from the literature: that the differences in the quality of governance, and institutions in particular,  largely explain the differences in economic performance and democratic consolidation between countries; the structure of incentives that actors in an economy face are determined by government policies and quality of institutions, which in turn determine economic performance; natural resource dependency largely affects incentives as well as the underlying political and economic institutions negatively although this is not inevitable; the magnitude of the impact depends on government policies, the quality of institutions as well as the size of the manufacturing sector prior to  the resource boom; that it is in the nature of natural resource economies that they face booms and bursts; whether these cyclical dynamics undermine growth and stability in the long-term or whether booms provide a springboard for economies to take off and industrialise or otherwise collapse into growth failures and perhaps violent conflicts depend ultimately on government actions. [/size] Download pdf

TAMA Foundation -Why the Pwalugu Dam will transform Ghana

During the recent tour of the floods-hit parts of Northern Ghana H.E Dr Mahamudu Bawumia, Vice President of the Republic of Ghana, reportedly announced that Government will build the Pwalugu Multipurpose (PMD) - a Cabinet meeting on the same is scheduled on the 1st of October. This is very good news indeed, and it was as if the VP had listened in on the high-level meeting held in Bolgatanga a few days before. Deliberating on the implications of the Ghana Beyond Aid (GBA) vision to the development of Northern Ghana, Regional Ministers of Northern, Upper-East and West Regions; representatives of the Regional Houses of Chiefs, senior public officers (present and retired), NDPC, leaders of civil society and religious organizations, Development Partners and business people were unanimous that the construction of the PMD is an essential first step to the transformation of Northern Ghana’s economy to a ‘beyond-aid’ scenario. It can also catalyze Government’s flagship projects including modernizing and transforming agriculture and industrial development. Download pdf

TAMA Foundation reflections on Planning Accra, Learn from Tamale

The news that the Government is engaging the services of Dr Liu Thai-Ker from Singapore, “an acclaimed master planner and architect of modern Singapore” to plan Accra and its surrounding towns has been greeted with mixed reactions. So far, none of the reactions I have read or heard has questioned the competence and pedigree of Dr Thai-Ker. He is indeed one of the principals of the modern Singapore skyline and in particular the public housing sector. He rose to become the CEO of the Housing Development Board (HDB), the body with principal responsibility for Planning and development of housing; as well as CEO of the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Singapore – the body with responsibility for urban renewal and redevelopment. In these positions, he has seen and done it all. What we don’t know is his experience in urban planning and development in Africa and the capacity he currently has under his command in his new role as a private sector person. The comments also point to the need for transparent procurement and the inclusion of local professionals in the exercise. I Download pdf

Ghana’s disparities are staggering and getting worse, and it is bad for everyone1

Conversations at social gatherings almost always end with the concern that our society has become sharply divided, intolerant and polarized especially around the two dominant parties and individuals who lead them. Discourse is largely uncivil. Vitriol has replaced logical arguments and opposing views take the form of a mortal combat between “enemies”, a “good” vs “evil” affair, and passions loaded with ethnocentric diatribes of the type that ignited the genocide in Rwanda, and our leaders - political and religious – appear to be sleeping on their gate keeper roles (cheering them on). Download pdf

“Building a more equal Ghana: A five-point action plan to close the gap between the rich and the rest”.

I am writing first to congratulate the authors of the report, “Building a more equal Ghana” produced with the support of UNICEF and launched last week. It makes a good case for why inequality must be addressed to eradicate poverty and for “no one to be left behind” in the development process. Its 5-point agenda is clearly made: improving public financial management; ensuring equity and quality in public services; creating work with good wages; putting women’s economic empowerment at the heart of policy making; and promoting good governance. I also congratulate UNICEF and the authors – Oxfam, SEND Foundation and the Ghana Anti-Corruption Coalition (Oxfam/SEND/GACC) – for keeping the inequality issue in the public domain by this report. Download pdf

TAMA Foundation co-research on conflicts in the Savannah Region of Ghana

The Savannah Region of Ghana was created in 2019. It is made up of six districts with Damongo as the capital. Whilst the new Savannah Regional Coordinating Council (SRCC) is already in gear to accelerate the development of the region, existing and potential conflicts are posing a huge challenge to its efforts. As a consequent, the regional minister constituted a consortium of peacebuilding organisations to help prevent, manage and mitigate these conflicts in the region under a broader initiative known as the “Savannah Region Peace and Integrated Development (SARPAID). This conflict assessment is therefore an essential component of this initiative. Download pdf

The Proposed Pwalugu Multiple-Purpose Dam - What Next?

News that Cabinet has given approval to the financing and construction of the Pwalugu Multipurpose Dam (PMD) is ground-breaking and Government should be commended for this bold step. When fully implemented, the PMD will be the largest irrigation infrastructure not only in Ghana but one of the largest on the African continent. It will also make a significant contribution towards controlling the periodic floods on the White Volta and contribute to stabilizing the flow of water into the Akosombo dam, among other benefits. The PMD, if properly done, will unleash economic transformation in northern Ghana as never seen before. Getting it right is therefore the crucial, indeed, non-negotiable challenge. As the Bui Dam as demonstrated, there may not be a second chance to get it right. TAMA Foundation Universal has interest in the PMD because of its transformational potential not only for the north but the country as a whole. That’s why we continue to follow the progress of this project and believe that our views might be helpful. Download pdf
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